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Preschool Curriculum


Children talk more and love to be heard at this stage (3 – 5 years) as speech becomes more fluent and structured. They strive to complete simple projects, play more collaboratively, and are more aware that actions have consequences.

Playing with Animals

Key Developmental Domains

Social-emotional Development


Self Awareness and Identity: Children are aware of their unique identity.

Self-esteem: Children have good and positive feelings about themselves.

Self Confidence-Competence: Children have confidence in their abilities to seek challenging exploratory experiences.

Socialization-Cooperative Play: Children engage in group play and develop friendships.

Emotional Expressions: Children can recognize their emotions and feelings, give words to them, and can self-regulate.

Sense of Empathy: Children can recognize and understand the feelings of others and act kindly towards others.

Moral Consciousness: Children develop a sense of right and wrong and follow the rules.

Conflict Resolution: Children can resolve problems and find mutual solutions with playmates.

Patience and Persistence: Children learn to wait and try again when they fail in the first instance.

Sense of Community: Children learn that the group is a shared space and needs to care for group resources and the environment.

Awareness of Rules: Children follow the rules for playing games and sometimes change the practices as the game progresses.

Group Guiding Norms: Children understand group rules and can follow a 3-part command.

Cognitive Development: Language, Communication & Literacy

Speaking: Children can express themselves clearly. They can tell their full name, age, as well as their street name and city.

Comprehension: Children can understand language and instructions.

Reading: Children enjoy hearing stories and can read for pleasure and identify with the event and characters.

Vocabulary: They demonstrate knowledge and usage of many words and phrases.

Sentence Construction: Children structure sentences to include subject, verb, and object when speaking.

Alphabet Mastering: Children show knowledge of the alphabet and can identify them.

Phonics: Children show understanding of the letter sounds and spoken words.

Writing: Children engage in different emergent writing skills.

Questioning: Children seek meaning and clarity by asking “why?” and “how” questions.

Directional Expression: Children use words to show direction and location (on, off, in, out, under, over, etc.).

Prediction: Children can predict the next event from a story read.

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Analytical & Mathematical Development

Questioning: Children ask “why?” and “how” questions to seek clarity.

Time Concept: Children have basic knowledge of time and the difference between past and present.

Number Concept: Children do rote counting and recognize numbers in sequence.

Children learn one-to-one correspondence counting to determine the quantity.

Shapes: Children can identify, name, and describe the attributes of different forms and shapes.

Patterns: Children identify and describe patterns they observe in their environments and can create repetitive patterns.

Sorting and Matching: Children can sort items and match them according to features.

Units and Measurements: Children estimate and measure things to compare, describe, and arrange according to their attributes.

Size and Opposite Relationships: Children can organize things by size and in comparison with another (big and small, tall, and short).

Spatial Relationships: Children recognize why and how people and objects relate to one another in space, allowing them to organize things mentally and physically and navigate the environment successfully.

Drawing Inferences: Children can draw conclusions, decide, or solve problems by reviewing data available to them.

Parts identification: Children can Identify parts of a whole in isolation of the object (car wheel, dog face, etc.).

Physical & Health Development

Gross Motor: Children develop large and stronger muscles with improved balancing and flexible body coordination. 

Fine Finger Motor: 

  • Children develop strength and hand-eye coordination to control objects as they use their small muscles. 

  • Has firm grip with using writing and drawing tools.

Body Recognition: Children are aware of the different parts of their bodies and how to navigate each piece in space.

Healthy Practices: Children develop healthy hygiene practices for themselves and the protection of others.

Self Care: Children can put on most of their clothing by themselves and wash their own hands when dirty.

Feeding: Children can make healthy food choices and feed themselves using a spoon or fork.

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Science & Technology

Concept Advancement: Children move from concrete to more abstract concepts and representations.

Scientific Exploration:

  • Children observe materials, the natural environment, and processes in their play-learning environment.

  • Children carry out experiments to monitor results and to test their ideas.

  • Children classify objects, materials, people, events to the primary attributes.

  • Children make predictions of what they expect to happen next.

  • Children make inferences (conclude) based on the evaluation of data, experiences, and observations.

Health Science: Children learn about their bodies, their functions, and their basic needs in life.

Earth and Environmental Science: Children identify the weather, climate, the ecosystem (soil, water, air, temperature) and gain basic knowledge about earth preservation.

Natural Life Science: Children identify and classify organisms and acquire knowledge about plants and animal life cycles.

Physical Science: Children acquire knowledge about the properties of objects and materials and forces and motions of objects, light, heat, electricity, etc.

Technology: Children explore digital and technological-based learning tools.

Creative Development


Art Expression: Children develop creative and imaginative expressions from observations and imaginations into two and three-dimensional models.


  • Children begin to draw diagonal lines  (triangles, etc. ) and draw following a model or imagination based on their ideas and interests.

  • Pictures drawn begins to be more recognizable.

Coloring & Painting: Children start to color and paint within the perimeters of a picture. 

Music: Children enjoy music, sounds from different objects, and express their thinking and feelings through music.

Rhythmic movement: Children dance and move their bodies to the sounds they hear, observe, feel and imagine.

Dramatic-Imaginative Play: Children role-play their favorite characters, models, ideas and extend their fantasies into dramatic plays.

Object Representation: Children can draw a person showing details of the body.

Social Studies & Environmental Awareness


Social Relationships: Children become aware of family and social relationships and how the family and community social network links to their existence. 

Cultural Diversity:

  • Children learn about the different people, cultures, and traditions in the community and the strength the diverse interest and cultures bring to a community.

  • They begin to learn to respect and appreciate diversity.

Community Helpers: Children gain knowledge of the different people in the community that keeps the community functioning.

Environmental Awareness: Children understand the importance of taking care of the environment and identify ways to do so.

History: Children can describe past events, current, and can articulate future events.

Rules and Decision Making: Children recognize that rules are necessary in social settings and for community order.

They can participate in making group-classroom rules and decisions.

Geography: Children can identify familiar locations and different types of places. They can describe their neighborhood, home address, and name of the city.

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