This stage (Birth – 18 months) is characterized by rapid growth and development, need for love and comfort, as infants from birth begin to develop a relationship with close people around them as they seek to build trust and secure attachment. Learning to communicate, interact with objects and persons takes several years.
Key Developmental Domains
Attachment Building: Children bond with the primary caregiver
Self-Recognition: Able to respond to own name and can recognize self in a mirror
Emotional Expression: Can express different clear feelings of happiness, discomfort, pain, fear
Separation Anxiety: Shows fear of unfamiliar people and new situations
Affection: Recognize and responds affectionately to familiar people and responds to signs of love and affection with open arms and or a smile
Self-regulation: Can comfort self by sucking a finger or holding a special cuddly toy
Peer Relationship: Enjoy looking at other babies
Imitation: Can imitate actions of others such as waving, smiling
Partial Body Movement: Children can move parts of the body by rolling in both directions, turning head, reaching, and grasping objects
Full Body Movement: Children can move the whole body as they crawl, stand, walk, run, kick.
Children can walk holding onto objects, surfaces, and human support
Children can walk by themselves without support
Children can climb few steps with adult support
Finger Motor: Children can hold a cup with both hands to drink
They can reach and grab objects
They can drop and pick up toys and can transfer an item from one hand to the other.
Language & Communication
Speaking: Children babble with inflection, imitate, repeat words, syllables, and sequence of sounds. They can say several words (‘Mama,’ dada,’ ‘bye bye’).
Nonverbal Communication: Children can imitate sounds and gestures
Comprehension: Children understand the meaning of simple words and instructions such as ‘come,’ ‘no,’ ‘give it to me’
Sounds Exploration: Children enjoy story reading, songs and can sing along.
Human Recognition: Children recognize familiar faces and respond with affection
Object Exploration: Shows interest in objects and human faces and explore them with mouth, eyes, hands, ears, and nose
Object Search: Children look for hidden things and objects
Object Permanence: Children begin to understand that the object is still there when it is hidden
Simple Commands: Children do pay attention to simple commands such as ‘no,’ ‘yes,’ ‘give it to me.’
Imitation: They imitate the gestures and actions of others and objects. They enjoy playing and emulating games such as peek-a-boo
Story Awareness: They enjoy looking at picture books
Filling and Emptying: Children can put things in and out of containers with large opening